Our biopolymer components range from DNA to bacterial cellulose and other polysaccharides, and are assembled into materials with interesting physiochemical and mechanical properties. We used them for water remediation and removal of endocrine disruptors, to design optoelectronic devices, as well as medical devices and (bio)sensors. For instance we have an active project working on photonic crystal based devices in collaboration with Hitachi, Cambridge. 



  1. T. Maier, A. Kerbs, N.Salter and Lj. Fruk, Iron Delivery from Liquid-core Hydrogels within a Therapeutic Nipple Shield, Eur. J. Pharm. Sci. 2019, 131,119-126.

  2. . Garcia-Astrain, M. Miljevic, I. Ahmed, L. Martin, A. Eceiza, L. Fruk, M. A. Corcuera, N. Gabilondo, Designing Hydrogel Nanocomposite using TiO2 Nanoparticles as Clickable Cross-Linkers, J. Mater. Sci. 2016,51(11),5073

  3. Y.Hung, W-T Tu, Y-Tzu Lin, Lj. Fruk, Y-C. Hung, Optically controlled multiple switching operations of DNA biopolymer devices, J. Appl. Phys. 2015, 118, 235503

  4. C. Garcia-Astrain, C. Chen, M. Buron, T. Palomares, A. Eceiza, Lj. Fruk, M. Angeles Corcuera, N. Gabilondo, Biocompatible Hydrogel Nanocomposite with Covalently Embedded Silver Nanoparticles, Biomacromolecules 2015, 16(4), 1301

  5. L. Piantanida, D. Naumenko, E. Torelli, M. Marini, D. M. Bauer, Lj. Fruk, G. Firrao, M. Lazzarino, Plasmon Resonance Tuning using DNA origami actuation, Chem. Commun. 2015, 51, 4789.

  6.  C. Garcia-Astrain, I. Ahmed, D. Kenziora, O. Guaresti, A. Eceiza, L. Fruk, M. A. Corcuera, N. Gabilondo, Effect of Maleimide Functionalised Gold Nanoparticles on Hybrid Biohydrogel Properties, RSC Adv. 2015, 5, 50268.

  7. G. Shtenberg, N. Massad-Ivanir, Lj. Fruk, E. Segal, Nanostructured Porous Si Optical Biosensors: Effect of Thermal Oxidation on Their Performance and Properties, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2014, 6(18), 16049.

  8. D. Kendziora, I. Ahmed, Lj. Fruk, Multifunctional Linker for Orthogonal Decoration of  Gold Nanoparticles with DNA and proteins, RCS Advances 2014, 4(35), 17980.

  9. D. Bauer, Y. C. Hung, I. Ahmed, L. Fruk, Use of DNA from Natural Sources in Design of Functional Devices, Methods 2014, 67(2),105.

  10. M. Silverstini, Lj. Fruk, L. M. Moretto, P. Ugo, Detection of DNA Hybridisation by Methylene Blue Electrochemistry at Activated Nanoelectrode Ensembles, J. Nanosci. Nanotech. 2014, 15(5), 3437.

  11. G. Shtenberg, N. Massad-Ivanir, O. Moscowitz, S. Engin, M. Sharon, Lj. Fruk, E. Segal, Picking up the Pieces, A Generic Porous Si Biosensor for Probing the Proteolytic Products of Enzymes, Anal. Chem. 2013, 85(3), 1951.

  12. M. Silvestrini, Lj. Fruk, P. Ugo, Functionalized Ensembles of Nanoelectrodes as Affinity Biosensor for DNA hybridisation Detection, Biosens. Bioelectron. 2013, 40(1), 265.


Hitachi, Cambridge

Dr. Nagore Gabilondo, University of Basque Country, San Sebastian (biopolymer nanocomposites)

Prof. Yue-Chueh Hung, National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan  (DNA based optoelectronics)

Prof. Mete Atature, Cavendish laboratory, University of Cambridge,  (nanodimond based sensors)

©2020 by Fruk lab